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By J. Bogen, J.E. McGuire

One of many earliest and such a lot influential treatises as regards to this quantity is Aristotle's different types. Aristotle's name is a kind of the Greek verb for conversing opposed to or filing an accusation in a criminal continuing. by the point of Aristotle, it additionally intended: to suggest or to predicate. strangely, the "predicates" Aristotle talks approximately comprise not just bits of language, but in addition such nonlinguistic goods because the colour white in a physique and the information of grammar in a man's soul. (Categories I/ii) both fabulous are such information as Aristotle's use of the phrases 'homonymy' and 'synonymy' in reference to issues referred to instead of phrases used to speak about them. Judging from the facts within the Organon, the Metaphysics, and somewhere else, Aristotle used to be either conscious of and ready to mark the excellence among utilizing and males­ tioning phrases; and so we needs to finish that during the types, he was once no longer tremendously fascinated with it. For our reasons, besides the fact that, you must deal with the time period 'predication' as though it have been ambiguous and introduce a few jargon to disambiguate it. Code, Modrak, and different authors of the essays which stick with use the phrases 'linguistic predication' and 'metaphysical predication' for this.

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B u t i t does n o t necessarily disprove a f o r m a l lex cur iat a c o n f i r m i n g the decree o f the Senate, such as the j u r i s t s recognize. T h e s u r v i v i n g enactment on the powers o f Vespasian m i g h t be expected to settle the p o i n t , b u t u n f o r t u n a t e l y o n l y the end o f this remains, wherein various specific privileges are enumerated. Hence some have denied t h a t the imperium was mentioned i n i t . D. and the e l i m i n a t i o n o f the Julio-Claudians, was a single inclusive act necessary to define more precisely w h a t previously had either been t a c i t l y assumed or o n l y g r a d u a l l y bestowed b y separate measures at various times.

H e m a i n tained t h a t he h a d n o t officially reported his v i c t o r y t o the Senate, w h i c h could n o t , therefore, officially r e w a r d him. A g a i n , i t m a y be presumed t h a t his abnegation set the precedent for f u t u r e sharers i n the imperium. Ornamenta, however, were freely bestowed u p o n successful generals d u r i n g this p e r i o d . 3 2 33 T H E USES OF T H E T I T L E IMPERATOR 53 I n conclusion, i t m a y be said t h a t the praenomen jmperatoris remained a d i s t i n c t i o n peculiar to Augustus in the official t i t u l a r y and p r o b a b l y n o t connected w i t h the imperium b u t w i t h his successful prosecution o f Rome's wars.

T h i s document, however, suggests one p o i n t . T h o u g h i n the t w e n t y - n i n t h line i t calls itself a lex rogata and ends w i t h a sanctiOy w h i c h was the n o r m a l close for a law, its phrases are couched i n the h o r t a t o r y f o r m of ut w i t h the subjunctive, appropriate to decrees of the Senate, and n o t i n the i m p e r a t i v e o f a law. T h i s implies t h a t the decree o f the Senate had s i m p l y been confirmed b y the f o r m a l comitia w i t h o u t even being r e w r i t t e n , j u s t as later the orationes o f the Emperors were cited for the decrees o f the Senate w h i c h they i n i t i a t e d .

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