Download Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of by K. M. Jaszczolt PDF

By K. M. Jaszczolt

During this pioneering e-book Katarzyna Jaszczolt lays down the principles of an unique thought of which means in discourse, unearths the cognitive foundations of discourse interpretation, and places ahead a brand new foundation for the research of discourse processing. She offers a step by step creation to the speculation and its software, and explains new phrases and formalisms as required. Dr. Jaszczolt unites the precision of truth-conditional, dynamic techniques with insights from neo-Gricean pragmatics into the function of speaker's intentions in verbal exchange. She indicates that the compositionality of that means should be understood as merger representations combining details from numerous assets together with observe that means and sentence constitution, different types of default interpretations, and unsleeping pragmatic inference. one of the functions the writer discusses are structures that pose difficulties in semantic research equivalent to referring expressions, propositional angle structures, presupposition, modality, numerals, and sentential connectives. She proposes recommendations to innovative difficulties within the semantics/pragmatics interface - for instance, what number degrees of which means can be distinctive; the prestige of underspecification; how a lot contextual details will be positioned within the illustration of the speaker's which means; no matter if there are default interpretations; the degree of utterance interpretation at which pragmatic inference starts off; and even if compositionality is an important function of the speculation of that means and if that is so the way it is to be outlined. The booklet is for college kids and researchers in semantics, pragmatics, computational linguistics, and philosophy of language at complex undergraduate point and above.

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Additional info for Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

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The basic expression is ‘x in L is the same in logical form as y in L’. 2 that logical form has slots for all the information necessary to get the truth conditions right—in other words, if we trace all such additions to the sentence to its syntactic representation—then logical form ceases to have any useful function in the theory. It collapses to some richer propositional representation. If there are slots for the required addition, then there is only one rich syntactic representation that at the same time yields the expected meaning of the utterance of the sentence.

Finally, for the same theoretical reason to do with the merger, the term ‘intrusion’ into a level of representation proves redundant. If sources of meaning are treated on an equal footing (and it is demonstrated in detail throughout Chapters 2 and 3 that they should be so treated), then there is no ‘intrusion’, no ‘core’ into which ‘satellites’ can intrude. ‘On an equal footing’ means here that a random source of meaning information can take precedence over the other sources in a particular situation of discourse, as, for example, (5) and (6) demonstrate.

However, it is not what is said by the sentence: it is not necessarily based on the content of the sentence. 3, talk about ‘what is said by the sentence’ alone is redundant in semantic theory. So, all in all, it is senseless to use the notion of what is said without further qualiWcations as to (i) in what unit: sentence, utterance, discourse;29 (ii) by what/whom: by the unit considered or by the speaker; and (iii) from whose perspective: the speaker’s, the audience’s, or the theoretician’s. Moreover, even if we resolve these qualiWcations, the very notion of saying invokes controversies and does not even seem to yield to experimental testing (Gibbs and Moise 1997; Nicolle and Clark 1999; but see also Noveck and Sperber 2004).

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