Download Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle by David A. Teegarden PDF

By David A. Teegarden

Dying to Tyrants! is the 1st entire learn of historical Greek tyrant-killing legislation--laws that explicitly gave participants incentives to "kill a tyrant." David Teegarden demonstrates that the traditional Greeks promulgated those legislation to harness the dynamics of mass uprisings and protect well known democratic rule within the face of anti-democratic threats. He offers specified ancient and sociopolitical analyses of every legislations and considers quite a few matters: what's the nature of an anti-democratic danger? How could a number of provisions of the legislation support pro-democrats counter these threats? And did the legislation work?

Teegarden argues that tyrant-killing laws facilitated pro-democracy mobilization either via encouraging courageous contributors to strike the 1st blow opposed to a nondemocratic regime and via convincing others that it used to be secure to stick to the tyrant killer's lead. Such laws therefore deterred anti-democrats from staging a coup by way of making sure that they'd be beaten via their numerically greater rivals. Drawing on glossy social technological know-how types, Teegarden seems to be at how the establishment of public legislation impacts the habit of people and teams, thereby exploring the root of democracy's patience within the old Greek global. He additionally presents the 1st English translation of the tyrant-killing legislation from Eretria and Ilion.

By reading an important old Greek tyrant-killing laws, demise to Tyrants! explains how definite legislation enabled voters to attract on collective energy so one can guard and look after their democracy within the face of inspired competition.

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Additional info for Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle against Tyranny

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Second, as is made clear by Lykourgos (Leok. 29 27 The seminal early essay on threshold modeling is Granovetter (1978). Kuran (1989 and 1991), because his focus was high-stakes political revolution (whereas Granovetter’s analysis was generic), introduced the important psychological element of preference falsification. That psychological element is important (inter alia) in accounting for the fact that people do not necessarily free ride in revolutionary situations (as would be expected, according to rational choice theory—see Olson [1965] for the classic formulation).

25 The meeting in the Pnyx wherein the Four Hundred were officially deposed took place after a devastating Athenian defeat at Eretria (Thuc. 95). ” 28 | C h apt e r 1 Kuran’s work helps to account for the remarkable series of events described by Thucydides. As noted above, the threshold sequence {1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10}—a sequence that I have suggested might apply (very roughly) to the population in Athens at the time of the coup of the Four Hundred— describes a stable status quo in spite of fairly widespread dissatisfaction with the ruling regime.

The Coup of the Four Hundred I begin with two questions about the collective response of individuals in Athens to the coup of the Four Hundred. First, why were the citizens then in Athens initially unable to work together in order to oppose the coup? Subsequent events demonstrate that the vast majority of those individuals wanted to do so. And if they all just did what they all wanted to do, they easily would have overwhelmed the Four Hundred. Yet they did nothing, and the oligarchs dominated Athens for four months (roughly June 411–September 411).

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