By Alan S. Ross
This hugely unique booklet is the 1st in-depth learn of a footsoldier of the seventeenth-century German Republic of Letters. Its topic, the German polymath and schoolteacher Christian Daum, is at the present time virtually thoroughly forgotten, but he left in the back of one of many greatest deepest data of any early sleek eu pupil. at the foundation of this specific resource, the ebook portrays faculties as focal issues of an entire global of Lutheran studying outdoor of universities and courts, as locations not only of schooling yet of excessive scholarship, and examines their value for German culture.
Protestant Germany used to be diversified from Catholic France and Protestant England in that its community of small towns fostered academic and cultural pageant and made attainable a miles better and socially open Republic. This publication permits us for the 1st time to appreciate how the Republic of Letters was once comprised of less than and the way it was once attainable for people from really humble backgrounds and occupations to be on the centre of ecu highbrow life.
This ebook is geared toward different experts in addition to postgraduate scholars within the fields of historical past, schooling and gender reviews, and will additionally function an advent to contemporary eu literature on early smooth scholarship for undergraduate scholars.
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Submit yr word: First released January 1st 2005
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Extra info for Daum's boys: Schools and the Republic of Letters in early modern Germany
Wobbe (Bielefeld, 2003), pp. 109–36. 60 The concept of habitus has been long in the making; Loïc Wacquant has traced the notion as far back as Aristotle’s concept of hexis. Marcel Mauss used the actual term habitus in his Body Techniques in 1934, as did Norbert Elias in The Civilizing Process five years later. Nonetheless, no discussion nor application of habitus could get past the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, who thoroughly reworked and streamlined the concept in the 1960s and 1970s. Since historians have strayed from Bourdieu’s definition of the concept to wildly diverging degrees, it is difficult to speak of a uniform field of ‘habitus studies’.
Its authority did not extend to the territories of the former bishoprics of Naumburg-ZeitzÂ€– within which Zwickau was locatedÂ€– and Merseburg, nor to Upper and Lower Lusatia, leased from the Bohemian Crown in 1635. For these territories, powers of oversight were allocated instead to the Geheimer Rat in Dresden. 33 In the office of the superintendent, the consistory also had a permanent representative in the locality. 35 However, the Elector’s venture into the field of pre-university education by no means rendered the civic schools superfluous.
The council’s move to bring the school under its direct control coincided with the foundation of Leipzig University in 1409. While no curriculum has survived from this period, the fact that the fifteenth-century rectors, as well as the majority of assistant rectors, were university graduates strongly suggests that by this time the former parish school had been transformed into one capable of preparing its pupils for university. 36 By the time of the Reformation, the basic mechanisms that determined the functioning of the school were in place, as was the role of the school as the town’s main hub for cultural and scholarly activity.