Download Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century by Mark Mazower PDF

By Mark Mazower

"A important, very important ebook that reminds us, on the correct time, how not easy [European solidarity] has been, and what sort of care needs to be taken to prevent the poor outdated temptations." --Los Angeles Times

Dark Continent presents an alternate background of the 20th century, one during which the triumph of democracy was once whatever yet a forgone end and fascism and communism supplied rival political suggestions that battled and infrequently triumphed with the intention to make certain the direction the continent may take.

Mark Mazower strips away myths that experience comforted us because international warfare II, revealing Europe as an entity continuously engaged in a bloody venture of self-invention.  Here is a background now not of inevitable victories and ahead marches, yet of slim squeaks and unforeseen twists, the place townships boast a bronze of Mussolini on horseback one second, merely to soften it down and recast it as a couple of noble partisans the next.  Unflinching, clever, Dark Continent offers a provocative imaginative and prescient of Europ's previous, current, and future-and confirms Mark Mazower as a historian of worthwhile presents.

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41 on the 1743 list, Bjerregaard responded that the large number of barrows in Lardal ‘makes it reasonable to believe that in heathen times, people of distinction have lived here’. This assumption lay behind the opening of the mounds and was the reason he expected them to contain ‘relics’ (Røgeberg 2003–05 3: 403). It was also the reason for his disappointment: the nobility of the past had not left behind any artefacts equivalent to their social standing. Others had been luckier, though. Bjerregaard notes that some years earlier, a heavy golden ring had been found and sold for the value of 6 Riksdaler (a sum more than sufficient to buy a cow).

In some versions, the man who has been buried in the mound proffers the horn, making it quite clear that it is ancient and very literally belongs to ‘the ancestors’. In Wiel’s version, the mound is populated by fairies, which relates the legend to other stories about costly objects won from them. According to popular tradition, the fairies lived their lives much in the same way as humans, but underground, in mountains, rocks and mounds. Their realm was dark and hidden. Fairies frequently sought contact with humans, for instance through marriage or the exchange of one of their own children for a human.

Their realm was dark and hidden. Fairies frequently sought contact with humans, for instance through marriage or the exchange of one of their own children for a human. In Search of Ancient Heroes • 41 Such contact was always perilous to humans – the risk was to lose one’s own healthy child or to be charmed by a supranatural suitor and carried away to his or her dark abode forever (Solheim 1952). The Norwegian word for being spellbound – bergtatt – literally means ‘taken into the hill’. In Wiel’s legend, the supranatural danger is the drink that burns the horse’s tail.

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