By Richard S. Nowakowski, Verne S. Caviness Jr, Takao Takahashi (auth.), Dr. Christine Hohmann (eds.)
The cerebral neocortex, a constitution targeted to the mammalian mind and prerequisite for larger cognitive features, has seeing that many years attracted the interest of neurobiologists and developmental biologists alike. This quantity offers a entire and up to date review of early cortical improvement. It presents concise details at the start, specification, migration and terminal differentiation of neocortical cells. either the mobile and molecular occasions resulting in the institution of a sensible neocortex are provided in substantial aspect, and attainable implications for neurodegenerative ailments are discussed.
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Extra info for Cortical Development: From Specification to Differentiation
J Neurosei 12:1194-1211 Delalle I, Takahashi T, Nowakowski RS, Tsai LH, Caviness VS Jr (1999) Cydin E-p27 opposition and regulation of the GI phase of the cell cyde in the murine neocortical PVE: a quantitative analysis of mRNA in situ hybridization. Cereb Cortex 9:824-832 Drago J, Murphy M, Carroll SM, Harvey RP, Bartlett PF (1991) Fibroblast growth factor-mediated proliferation of central nervous system precursors depends on endogenous production of insulin-like growth factor I. Proc Natl Acad Sei USA 88:2199-2203 Erzurumlu RS, Jhaveri S (1992) Emergence of connectivity in the embryonie rat parietal cortex.
1998; Sasai 1998; Bounpheng et al. 1999; Lyden et al. 1999). The proliferation, survival and differentiation of NSCs and nascent progenitor species are regulated by specific cytokines, induding epidermal growth factor (EGF) and bFGF (Kilpatrick and Bartlett 1995; Kilpatrick et al. 1995; Burrows et al. 1997; Qian et al. 1997, 1998; Shen et al. 1998). Both bFGF and EGF simultaneously promote the continued expression of the neuro epithelial marker, nestin, and inhibit the induction of Mash 1 and Prox 1, the latter a mammalian homologue of the prospero transcriptional regulator involved in cell cyde exit and the onset of terminal neuronal differentiation (Torii et al.
Nat Neurosci 2:848 Zindy F, Cunningham JJ, Sherr q, Jogal S, Smeyne RJ, Roussel MF (1999) Postnatal neuronal proliferation in mice lacking Ink4d and Kip1 inhibitors of cydin-dependent kinases. Proc Natl Acad Sei USA 96:13462-l3467 Mechanisms Regulating Lineage Diversity During Mammalian Cerebral Cortical Neurogenesis and Gliogenesis MARK F. MEHLER I Summary. During mammalian cerebral cortical development, neural stern cells (NSCs) present within periventricular generative zones give rise to successive waves of neurons and radial glia, followed by oligodendrocytes and astrocytes.