By Mark Lardas
Famed as a vintage naval duel, a one-on-one conflict among crusing frigates provided the victor immeasurable repute and glory. throughout the struggle of 1812, the Royal army and usa army squared off in 4 such duels, the main recognized that among the USS structure and HMS Guerriere. Ships and strategies among the 2 international locations diversified vastly, with the yankee army favouring a innovative layout of frigate, with twenty-four pounder weapons and heavy structural timbers, whereas the British, used to combating the French and Spanish navies, depended on smaller, eighteen-pounder frigates. via first-hand debts of those 4 single-ship activities and engaging comparisons of artillery, group skill and tactical achievements, this publication deals an remarkable perception into the ruthless truth of frigate battles within the battle of 1812.
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Additional resources for Constitution vs Guerriere: Frigates during the War of 1812
Been commanding Chesapeake instead of a Humphreys 44 (assuming the crew was at the same level of training that Constitution and United States were). Lawrence possibly in one of the ship's fighting and easier prey. [AC] - could have, even with the scratch crew he had on Chesapeake. Against Broke and Shannon, Lawrence stood no chance. Shannon matched Chesapeakls 20 percent hit rate while firing 30 percent faster. Additionally, the well- drilled crew of Shannon (it had been in commission since 1806) was not nearly as brittle as that of Chesapeake.
While a ship's carronades and long guns could cause massive penetrated Constitution's side. casualties, musketry was equally deadly at close range. For officers, java's lack of gunnery proved even more costly. Lambert got every frigate captain's dream: a raking broadside into his disabled opponent's lillprotected stern at close range. Such a broadside, properly aimed, could decide a battle; but java's rake failed to hurt Constitution. Most of the shots missed and java got no second chance at victory.
With Napoleon Marksmen knew that depriving a ship of its leadership was one of the most effective ways of demoralizing its crew, and targeted their fire accordingly. Once a ship came within musket range, therefore, casualties followed the old sailor's roast. They were distributed like prize money - the lion's share ro the officers. f Captains suffered the most. Of eight captains in these four duels, two were killed and three wounded. The forrune of batrle also rook a high roll on masters, and first lieutenants suffered almost as much as captains, with one killed and four wounded.