By H. H. Tzl F. Zereini
"Climatic switch and Water assets within the center East and North Africa" is devoted to high-priority issues concerning the effect of weather switch on water assets in a water scarce area. the topic is defined and mentioned in 3 major chapters and diverse case reviews. the 3 major chapters are (1) Climatic alterations - resources and results at the water cycle, (2) impression of weather switch on water assets, (3) Water assets and water administration. those chapters are cut up up into extra 26 sections. a complete of sixty four members from many nations have made contributions to this booklet. All themes during this e-book are complimentary and give a contribution to a accomplished realizing of the interactions among international weather swap, global water cycle and water assets. A worthy and significant interdisciplinary mix of topics is mixed during this booklet so as to be of significant curiosity to many scientists.
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2007. A Late Miocene climate model simulation with ECHAM4/ML and its quantitative validation with terrestrial proxy data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 251-270. , 2007. Treib- und Eishausklima in der Erdgeschichte: Vegetation – der unterschätzte Klimafaktor. Biologie in unserer Zeit 37, 25-35. , 2005. Cenozoic continental climatic evolution of Central Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 102, 14964-14969. , 1999. Miocene evolution of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
In Fig. 5b, time series of rainfall indices for the winter months (Nov-Apr) are compared to CRU time series. The series are plotted as standardized anomalies to the 1961-1990 period. We can see, that for the ATL region winter rainfall variations (blue bars in the plot of the CRU data) are quite good in phase with the observations, but for the MED and SOA regions we can see larger differences. In this Moroccan Climate in the Present and Future 35 a) b) Fig. 5. (a) The Atlantic (ATL), Mediterranean (MED) and South-of-the-Atlas (SOA) regions, for which stations data were aggregated.
1. SYNOP and climate stations in Morocco and the western part of Algeria. Circles represent the locations of the stations, numbers the observed 1961-1990 mean annual rainfall sum in mm. still relatively sparse when we think of the spatial heterogeneity of climates. The first and most important source of information stems from SYNOP weather stations, which contribute to the WMO network and deliver data of a relatively high quality standard for several decades now. Unfortunately, most stations in Morocco and the western parts of Algeria are located north of the Atlas Mountains, which leaves a lack of information exactly in the southern region, where the impact of a climate shift is expected to be very strong (Fig.