By Robin Osborne
Семь авторов в девяти коротких, но информативных очерках дают полноценное представление о Древней Греции указанного периода. Анализируется политика городов и союзов, экономика и военные конфликты, общественная и частная жизнь. Рассказывается также и о предшествующем периоде, в котором были заложены основы расцвета греческой цивилизации.Образцы сканов:
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Extra resources for Classical Greece. 500–323 BC
For the élite of a small city facing an enormous empire there was effectively little choice: collaboration with Persia offered the only way to preserve personal status. For Persia, working with the willing was preferable to repressing the unwilling, and the internal divisions that promoting a single man or family to pre-eminence were bound to cause would only make a city the easier to rule. That there is a history of classical Greece to be written, and that that history can be the first volume of a history of Europe, depends, as Thucydides saw, on two momentous events.
Any inefficiency, in terms of wasted time, was compensated for by reducing risk of crop losses through exploitation of the local or ‘micro-climates’ associated with a semi-mountainous terrain. Secondly, the litigant casually mentions how many olive trees are distributed over his various properties. The impression, confirmed by other evidence, is of so-called ‘polyculture’: making maximum use of available land by growing a mixture of crops (grain, pulses, olives, vines) on the same plot. Again, additional demands on labour time would be compensated for by minimizing the risk of losing an entire crop.
And ). All this exemplifies a crucial theme of the Greek polis economy: the extent to which economy, culture, and society were blended to create an economic system that was, in the broadest sense, political. Back to the land Our initial encounter with the Greek economy, through the Orators, is deliberately one that involves agriculture, at the heart of ancient economy and society. Although the city of Athens and the associated harbour complex of Piraeus (itself a sizeable town) combined to create the most urbanized community in the Aegean world, perhaps half the total population depended directly on farming for its livelihood.