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By Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski

This ebook is the 1st monograph to systematically discover the connection among citizenship and collective identification within the ecu Union, integrating fields of study – citizenship and collective id. Karolewski argues that a variety of different types of citizenship correlate with differing collective identities and demonstrates the hyperlink among citizenship and collective id. He constructs 3 customary versions of citizenship together with the republican, the liberal and the caesarean citizenship to which he ascribes sorts of collective id. utilizing a multidisciplinary method, the e-book integrates ideas, theories and empirical findings from sociology (in the sphere of citizenship research), social psychology (in the sector of collective identity), felony stories (in the bankruptcy at the ecu constitution of basic Rights), safeguard reports (in the bankruptcy at the politics of lack of confidence) and philosophy (in the bankruptcy on pathologies of deliberation) to ascertain the present tendencies of eu citizenship and ecu identification politics. This ebook can be of curiosity to scholars and students of eu politics, political idea, political philosophy, sociology and social psychology.

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Apart from obligations, nationalism is expected to produce social trust, drawn primarily from the cultural layer of the community, in which deep obligations stem from collective identity and relatedness. This argument is applied to the conditions of modern economy, which are regarded as requiring high levels of moral commitment in the form of mutual solidarity. 79 In this perspective, national identity delivers trust and motivation for citizens to participate and deliberate on public matters. By identifying with the community, individuals become receptacles of collective will.

But the Other can also be constructed as inferior, which boosts the feeling of supremacy and grandeur of a given nation and might lead to stigmatization Collective identity and its functions 29 of Others, particularly if the Other can be found within the collectivity. Third, the Other can additionally assume positive attributes. In the context of nationalism studies, some authors indicate that there exist images of positive Others, which can be a minority group, living in the same political territory as the majority nation, but is not considered a threat to the identity and integrity of the majority.

68 Consequently, the hierarchy of citizenship perpetuates a new variety of the ‘Other’ as a basis for collective identity. 70 Therefore, instead of a citizen–foreigner dichotomy, we should rather distinguish a membership continuum including citizens, residents, asylum seekers, etc. In this sense, as access to citizenship becomes less difficult, citizens are confronted with a perception of devalued citizenship, which might entail a stronger need for boundary-making vis-à-vis incomplete citizens.

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