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By Robert E. Gaebel

In this entire narrative, Robert E. Gaebel demanding situations traditional perspectives of cavalry operations within the Greek global. making use of either army and ancient views, Gaebel exhibits that till the loss of life of Alexander the nice in 323 B.C., cavalry performed a bigger function than is usually recognized.

Gaebel lines the operational use of cavalry within the historical Greek international from circa 500 to one hundred fifty B.C., the top of Greek and Macedonian independence. Emphasizing the Greek and Hellenistic classes (359322 B.C.), he offers information regarding the army use of horses within the japanese Mediterranean, Greek reliable administration and horse care, and wide battlefield goals.

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33. 20. Littauer and Crouwel (1979) 91. Shaw (1991) 39–42. C. that could be used for a variety of purposes, provided that the terrain was suitable—that is, level and unencumbered. Aside from the noncombat roles of carrying messages and small numbers of important persons, when used in some numbers the war chariot could intimidate and upset infantry, deal with other chariot forces, pursue retreating enemies, protect and serve as scouts for armies on the march, and likely perform other duties that we are no longer able to appreciate.

84. 26. Gardiner (1975) 10, 11, 135–39. 27. Kammenhuber (1961) 6–7. C. well-conditioned chariot horses. In this respect it is reminiscent of the later military treatises of the Greeks and Romans, with their emphasis on a comprehensive, calculated preparation for war. The tablets contain details of a 184-day program that embraces all aspects of the care and training of chariot horses, including instructions for exercising the horses over varying distances at the trot and at the gallop, with chariot and without.

4 The colors recorded on the tablets are red or chestnut (by far the most frequent), black, reddish brown (or perhaps bay), white, dapple gray, and spotted (without reference to color or size of spots). Dapple gray occurred only twice, and one color on a damaged tablet is unique. 5 The appearance of brands on these documents is also quite useful, as they are indications of origin rather than ownership, thus providing information about breeding and trading. Among the twenty-five brands that appear on the tablets, it is known that the ox head (bucephalus) was associated with Thessaly, probably in the vicinity of Pharsalus; the centaur brand with Larissa; the axe with Pherae at the time of the tyrant Alexander (369–357); the caduceus with Macedonia under kings Alexander I (498–454) and Pausanias (390–389); the koppa () with Corinth; and the san (S) with Sicyon.

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