Download Beyond Oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy, Second Edition by Prof. Dr. George A. Olah, Dr. Alain Goeppert, Prof. Dr. G. PDF

By Prof. Dr. George A. Olah, Dr. Alain Goeppert, Prof. Dr. G. K. Surya Prakash(auth.)

The international is presently eating approximately eighty five million barrels of oil an afternoon, and approximately two-thirds as a lot average fuel similar, either derived from non-renewable traditional assets. within the foreseeable destiny, our strength wishes will come from any on hand trade resource. Methanol is one such attainable replacement, and in addition bargains a handy answer for effective power garage on a wide scale.

In this up-to-date and enlarged version, popular chemists talk about in a transparent and without problems available demeanour the professionals and cons of humankind's present major strength assets, whereas offering new how you can triumph over obstacles.

Following an advent, the authors examine the interrelationship of fuels and effort, and on the quantity of our non-renewable fossil fuels. in addition they speak about the hydrogen economic climate and its major shortcomings. the focus is at the conversion of CO2 from business in addition to common resources into liquid methanol and similar DME, a diesel gasoline replacement which may substitute LNG and LPG. The e-book is rounded off with an confident examine destiny chances.

A forward-looking and encouraging paintings that vividly illustrates strength options to our strength and environmental problems.

Content:
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–10):
Chapter 2 background of Coal within the business Revolution and past (pages 11–17):
Chapter three background of Petroleum Oil and average gasoline (pages 19–28):
Chapter four Fossil gas assets and Their Use (pages 29–53):
Chapter five Diminishing Oil and ordinary gasoline Reserves (pages 55–63):
Chapter 6 the continued want for Carbon Fuels, Hydrocarbons and their items (pages 65–76):
Chapter 7 Fossil Fuels and weather swap (pages 77–89):
Chapter eight Renewable power assets and Atomic power (pages 91–142):
Chapter nine The Hydrogen economic system and its obstacles (pages 143–178):
Chapter 10 The “Methanol Economy”: basic elements (pages 179–184):
Chapter eleven Methanol and Dimethyl Ether as Fuels and effort providers (pages 185–231):
Chapter 12 construction of Methanol: From Fossil Fuels and Bio?Sources to Chemical Carbon Dioxide Recycling (pages 233–278):
Chapter thirteen Methanol?Based chemical substances, artificial Hydrocarbons and fabrics (pages 279–288):
Chapter 14 Conclusions and Outlook (pages 289–295):

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Sample text

Numerous estimates made by various assessors, such as the World Energy Council, IHS Energy, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), United States Geological Survey (USGS), Oil and Gas Journal and others, have reported current proven oil reserves ranging from 1000 to 1200 billion barrels [22] and overall recoverable resources might be double that but would, however, become increasingly difficult and costly to access. With current global oil production being about 30 billion barrels per year, known reserves in 2006 represent about 30–40 years worth of supply.

The transformation of natural gas into an easily and safely transportable liquid such as methanol is therefore an attractive alternative. Besides accidents, LNG facilities and tankers are also potential targets for terrorist attacks. For these reasons, LNG terminals are usually not welcomed near major cities or population centers and are increasingly located off-shore. It should be emphasized that natural gas production wells frequently also release large amounts of carbon dioxide. Natural gas is accompanied, for example, by 10% CO2 in some North Sea fields off the coast of Norway and up to 40% in some Algerian wells [40].

5). The burner mixed natural gas with air in the correct proportions, creating a blue flame that could be safely used for cooking and heating. The invention of the Bunsen burner opened up new opportunities for the use of natural gas. The subsequent invention of temperature-regulating thermostatic devices made it possible to better use the heating potential of natural gas, allowing the temperature of the flame to be adjusted and controlled. 5 A Bunsen burner. Without any means of transporting it effectively, natural gas discovered prior to World War II was usually just allowed to vent into the atmosphere, or burned when found together with coal and oil, or simply left in the ground.

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