By Bruce A. Watson
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The service provider cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, a switched over passenger liner that used to be the convoy's purely escort—armed basically with vintage 6-inch guns—charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson recounts how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons grew to become the send right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet lots of the convoy escaped.
In November of 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked British Convoy HX-84. The Armed service provider Cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, the single escort and mounting old 6-inch weapons, charged the Nazi raider. whereas the Jervis Bay didn't stand an opportunity of surviving the conflict, her crew's fatalistic bravery encouraged awe in all who witnessed the struggle. Watson describes how the Scheer's 11-inch weapons grew to become the switched over passenger liner right into a burning hulk in twenty-two mins, yet many of the convoy escaped.
How did this war of words come to move? either the need of arming a passenger liner and pretending it was once a warship, and the development of the Admiral Scheer and her sister ships for the explicit goal of trade raiding, locate their roots within the occasions, political judgements, re-armament polices, warfare plans, naval traditions, and error that arose in pre-war Britain and Germany. yet this occasion holds a value past the conflict itself. The sinking of the Jervis Bay symbolizes the tip of an period in naval war. The Armed service provider Cruisers of the second one international struggle inherited a protracted, occasionally noble and infrequently ignoble background. lengthy hired in blockade or patrol responsibility, armed service provider cruisers ventured out for the 1st time to escort convoys, a protective accountability for which they have been eminently unsuited, and for which the Jervis Bay paid a frightened price.
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Additional info for Atlantic Convoys and Nazi Raiders: The Deadly Voyage of HMS Jervis Bay
Despite the euphoria, the realization of what the war did to Britain and its people inexorably wound its way into the nation's life. There was much to remember. The war monuments came soon enough, from the quiet magnificence of the Scottish National War Memorial, where a single casket contains the names of all the Scots killed, to the bronze statue of the young infantryman in London's Paddington Station from which so many like him went to war, to the little weed-choked roadside stone near Dunvegan, Isle ATLANTIC CONVOYS AND NAZI RAIDERS of Skye, containing names of some local lads who died with the Cameronians.
Responding to a strong domestic disarmament sentiment, buttressed by calls for fiscal frugality, the United States government made two conciliatory moves. First, in early 1921, the Senate recessed without approving the most recent and expansive naval budget. When the Senate reconvened a month later, they unanimously passed a naval disarmament resolution. President Warren Harding would invite selected maritime nations to a conference in Washington, DC, on 1 November 1921. The invited nations incuded Britain, France, Holland, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, Japan, and China.
The German designers again engaged in a calculated evasion of the Versailles Treaty to increase armor protection. The boats carried three 4-1 -inch guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes. Unfortunately for the Germans, they proved inadequate for deep-water duty as they pitched and wallowed in heavy seas. In the mid-1920s, the real development and design coup for the new navy were the panzerschiffs—armored ships—as the Germans preferred to classify them. " There were three ships in the class: Deutschland (renamed Liitzow), 1931; Admiral Scheer, 1933; and Graf Spee, 1934.