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By C. H. Whiteley

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They are found to be certain spatial and temporal properties. We can agree (with a negligible margin of error) about certain measurements which tell us where a given thing is, and in what direction and at what rate it has moved. true that it is which makes the peculiar condition of me draw it. ; An 24 It is is upon founded Introduction to Metaphysics these agreed ; measurements that physical science its fundamental concepts are and from them derived. Physics seeks for those properties of things which permanent and universal, those which everything (2) are possesses all the time.

HOW The must final test of the be its epiphenomenalist theory ability to and account for the phenomena of interpret consciousness by reference to material causes, by showing, for each kind of mental state, some kind of bodily state on which it depends. If Epiphenomenalism is true, then to all changes in a person's state of mind, there must correspond changes in the state of his body which are their causes. If, on the other hand, the mind is an independent thing operating according to its own laws or its own arbitrary will, then we may very well expect to find mental operations carried on independently of matter, having no material counterpart we may expect to find that different states of mind may accompany the same state of body, and conversely.

13. MECHANISM We can give meaning to it, if the properties of water can be shown to be derivable from the properties of oxygen and hydrogen in combination. We can give meaning to the assertion that all things consist of one Matter, and nothing but Matter, if the behaviour of all things can be explained by reference to the same set of principles. Here, then, is another important aspect of the materialist philosophy. If the world is made of one kind of stuff, or of a very few similar kinds, which are found in all things, then there are not a number of different sciences, each with its own separate set of principles for explaining its own department of reality, but one science only, with one set of principles which explain everything.

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