By Sarah Borden Sharkey (auth.)
This ebook articulates the theoretical outlines of a feminism constructed from Aristotle’s metaphysics, creating a new contribution to feminist thought. Readers will become aware of why Aristotle was once now not a feminist and the way he may have develop into one, via an research of Aristotle and Aristotelian culture. the writer indicates how Aristotle’s metaphysics can be utilized to articulate a very refined and theoretically strong realizing of gender which could supply a hugely useful gizmo for distinctively feminist arguments.
This paintings builds on Martha Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities method’ in a extra explicitly and punctiliously hylomorphist approach. the writer indicates how Aristotle’s hylomorphic version, constructed to run among the extremes of Platonic dualism and Democritean atomism, can equally be used this present day to articulate a view of gender that takes physically modifications heavily with out lowering gender to organic determinations.
Although written for theorists, this scholarly but obtainable ebook can be utilized to handle simpler matters and the ultimate bankruptcy explores girls in universities as one instance. This ebook will entice either feminists with constrained familiarity with Aristotle’s philosophy, and students of Aristotle with restricted familiarity with feminism.
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Extra resources for An Aristotelian Feminism
Although form is in some sense superior to matter, matter clearly has some kind of signiﬁcant dignity in the Aristotelian account, and Aristotle’s explicit comments critical of matter does not lead him into the kind of denigration of matter present in most dualist accounts (and certainly important to Plato’s dualism, especially as articulated in the Phaedo). Furthermore, we can dispute Aristotle’s problematic association of women with matter (see Chap. 5) without thereby rejecting the general Aristotelian hylomorphism.
77 The solution, she claims, is quite simple: overcome our biology. If our inequalities originate in nature, then change nature. We have already done so partially, making differences in strength, for example, unimportant for much of the work we do. The development of machines and technology that overcome size differences is a great step forward. So also, we have developed technologies relevant to our reproduction. Women have more numerous options for control over when they get pregnant and with whom, and breast-feeding has become unnecessary, at least for those with certain ﬁnancial resources.
Supreme Court case (Bradwell v Illinois), decided in support of an Illinois law prohibiting female lawyers. , the fact that women can be mothers) has been both an implicit and explicit justiﬁcation for limiting women’s access to property ownership, any signiﬁcant role in the state, certain forms of formal education, etc. There is no doubt that an overemphasis on biological difference has been used as a justiﬁcation of much that has signiﬁcantly hindered women’s development. The focus on biological differences has been precisely the concern of so many feminists.