By Rakesh Bajpai, Aleš Prokop, Mark Zappi
Over the prior century, the vast majority of chemical and effort wishes of our business society has originated from fossilized carbon assets (coal, crude oil, typical gas). more and more, there's a consciousness that usage of the fossilized carbon resources has opposed environmental outcomes within the kind of expanding focus of greenhouse gases. we're additionally turning into conscious of the constrained nature of those assets. accordingly, massive efforts are being made to supply chemical compounds and fuels from renewable assets resembling woodland items, agricultural residues and plant items. All of those structures catch solar power and atmospheric carbon dioxide as part of the common carbon cycle. critical learn efforts also are underway, focusing on cultivation of photosynthetic autotrophic microbes for the construction of biomass and lipids. during this class, algae seems to be to supply the main capability for taking pictures solar power and atmospheric carbon dioxide and offering enough amounts of biomass/lipids that could offset the fossilized carbon usage in a significant demeanour with no impacting foodstuff output adversely. besides the fact that, a number of advances, either technologically in addition to politically, are wanted ahead of we will be able to become aware of its complete power. it's also transparent biorefinery strategy needs to be undertaken in an effort to harvest renewable strength and chemical compounds from algae economically. This edited, multi-authored quantity on Algal Biorefineries will record new advances regarding algae-based technology.
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Additional info for Algal Biorefineries: Volume 1: Cultivation of Cells and Products
As a likely cause, the inability to robustly account for algal biomass production rates has prevented the derivation of satisfactory mass balances for the simple parameterization of bioreactors. The methodology presented here aims at resolving this shortcoming. Treating photons as a substrate continuously fed to algae provides the grounds to define an autotrophic yield ФDW, in grams of dry weight per mole of photons absorbed, as an operating parameter. Under low irradiances, the rate of algal biomass synthesis is the product of the yield ФDW and the flux of photons absorbed by the culture, modeled using a scatter-corrected polychromatic Beer-Lambert law.
In the authors’ opinion, an apparent analogy between PI curves and Monod saturation kinetics has laid the ground for widespread misleading analyses for biomass productivity calculations as well as optimization. 30 A. D. Holland and J. M. Dragavon Once established that highest yields are reached at low light intensity, inhibitory light levels reached at the surface of most outdoor systems can be treated using two distinct methodologies. The more widespread approach is to model cell damage and energy losses as unavoidable consequences of growth.
Desalination 200:186–188 Dufreche ST (2008) Effect of phosphorous poisoning on the catalytic cracking of lipids for green diesel production. PhD Thesis. Chemical Engineering Department. Mississippi State University. May 2008 Faria GR, Paes CRPS, Castro JFA, Tinoco NAB, Barbarino E, Lourenco SO (2012) Effect of the availability of CO2 on growth, nutrient uptake, and chemical composition of the marine microalgae Chlorella sp. and Nannochloropsis oculata, two potentially useful strains for biofuel production.