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Schematic view of a lamellar micelle. CRYOENZYMOLOGY IN AQUEOUS MEDIA 35 Lamelar micelles ???? I AdbA P??? AbAb Surfactant crystal / Microemulsion Hexagonal packing of water cylinders Fig. 15. Scheme showing the formation of micelles and packing of micelles. Thus a variety of structures and mesophases can be identified, and Figure 16 shows schematically a number of these structures for normal and reverse micelles. It is obvious that a large variety of phases can exist in equilibrium with each other.

As is stated earlier, the addition of water and/or enzymes causes the micelles to swell and to assume different shapes, which are still a matter of controversy even under the simplest conditions (31). T h e results discussed here results, obtained with selected enzymes, surfactants and solvents in arbitrary ratios, cannot be generalized at this time, for the specific aspects of micellar enzyme solutions are not all understood, let alone predictable. T h e early results are, nevertheless, very encouraging.

W e explored the behavior of some micellar solutions in the range of subzero temperatures with the following main results. Micellar solutions containing A O T were examined as a function of temperature to determine the range over which they remain homogeneous. Among the three regions previously described, colorless, blue ftanslucent, and turbid, the first two are homogeneous and stable-they represent the regions of water solubility; the third one, with appearance of turbidity, is dependent on the A O T content and the water/surfactant ratios.

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