By Andrzej Witkowski, Andrzej Rusin, Miroslaw Majkut, Sebastian Rulik, Katarzyna Stolecka
Providing a complete research of CO2 compression, transportation approaches and issues of safety for submit combustion CO2 catch functions for a 900 MW pulverized tough coal-fired energy plant, this ebook assesses thoughts for enhancing the strain of CO2 to pipeline strain values with a minimum volume of strength. 4 kinds of compressors are tested intimately: a traditional multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic surprise wave compressor, and pump machines. The learn demonstrates that the full compression energy is heavily on the topic of the thermodynamic technique and isn't made up our minds through compressor potency on my own. one other challenge addressed is that of CO2 pipeline shipping from the compressor outlet website to a disposal web site lower than warmth move stipulations. The ebook additionally positive aspects an research of simulations and types which are used to figure out the utmost secure pipeline distance to next booster stations as a functionality of inlet strain, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level warmth flux stipulations. This e-book makes a speciality of compression in addition to transportation tactics with specific emphasis at the safeguard hazards on the topic of the delivery of CO2. an important challenge by way of environmental safeguard is making sure distinct and trustworthy threat identity. As risks can purely be controlled successfully in the event that they are accurately pointed out, difficulties regarding the release and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 also are discussed.
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Extra resources for Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes
J Eng Power 84:69–182 Singh D, Croiset E, Douglas PL, Douglas MA (2003) Techno-economic study of CO2 capture from an existing coal-fired power plant: MEA scrubbing versus O2/CO2 recycle combustion. Energy Convers Manage 44:3073–3091 Span R, Wagner W (1966) A new equation of state for carbon dioxide covering the fluid region from the triple point temperature to 1100 K at a pressure up to 800 MPa. J Phys Chem Ref Data 6:1509–1596 STC-GV, STC-GVT Siemens Turbocompressor (2009) Integrally Geared, Vertically Split Volute Casing Siemens turbocompressors.
M. Majkut (*) · A. pl A. pl © The Author(s) 2015 A. 1007/978-3-319-18404-3_4 37 38 M. Majkut and A. 1 Introduction All CO2 capture methods require compression systems at the sequestration stage, where CO2 must be injected into a storage reservoir at high pressure. Several existing compression technologies can be utilized for that purpose, such as reciprocating, as well as integrally geared or in-line centrifugal compressors. CO2 compression presents a number of challenges that make this application unique in its own right (Farris 1983).
The investment cost for an integrally geared compressor is lower than for a single-shaft compressor train. This is the result of a compact design with fewer impellers and a smaller impeller diameter. Owing to that, the installation is considerably lighter and requires less space. Furthermore, complete package units can be realized with coolers installed in steel frames and with completely assembled piping including necessary anti-surge loops (CO2 Europipe 2011). 2 Compressor Conception Each stage of integrally geared compressors can be optimized due to the lower volume and higher pressure at each subsequent stage.