By Martin Kitchen
This enticing textbook offers a wide survey of recent German historical past from 1800-2000, and situates Germany’s fragmented previous inside its complete context. Kitchen:Provides readers an extended view of German historical past, letting them see continuities and alterations Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, the Federal Republic, the cave in of Communism, and the re-unification Examines cultural historical past in addition to political and monetary heritage comprises assurance of local historical past instead of concentrating on the dominant position of Prussia
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Extra resources for A History Of Modern Germany 1800-2000
They were largely successful, but the bourgeoisie had made important inroads into the old order, and the outcome of this struggle was no foregone conclusion. The reformers insisted that a society of free citizens with careers open to the talents had to be well educated. Throughout Germany the educational system was in disarray. In the universities the professors were tedious pedants, hopelessly out of touch with the times. The student body was indolent, debauched, and given to outbursts of mindless violence against the unfortunate townsfolk.
They were then obliged to serve in the first division of the Landwehr until the age of 32 and the second until the age of 50. All those who did not serve in the regular army had to join the Landwehr at the age of 20. The educated bourgeois could serve one year in the regular army after which he became an officer in the Landwehr. There was thus a clear distinction between an aristocratic and conservative regular officer corps and a bourgeois and liberal Landwehr. Conflict between the two was thus almost inevitable.
Serfdom was repugnant to enlightened bureaucrats and its abolition was seen as striking a blow at the very foundations of the absolutist, aristocratic, social order. Stein entertained the romantic notion that the brutish and enslaved peasantry would become proud yeomen and worthy citizens who would form the backbone of a revitalized nation. Added to this mixture of Kantian morality and Rousseau’s romanticism came of a large dose of Adam Smith’s economic liberalism. It was argued that only if property and labor were freely brought to market could an economy flourish.