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By Edmund Curtis

A concise historical past of eire which covers the interval 6000 BC to 1972.

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The higher clergy with their Latin tradition despised the old language, charged as it was with in her art pagan and culture. tradition, Columba and the abbot Adamnan of lona, writing the though himself an Irishman, speaks scornfully of the lingua Scottica vilis. But the Fill remained a powerful body attached to their ancient law and language. With them and many nameless wandering monks began the writing of Irish poetry in metres based on the Latin hymns. life of in Latin, Others compiled the old laws of the 'Fni' or free Gaels, now called the Brehon laws, and the writing of Irish history begins about 600.

His army, badly shattered in the fighting, could not take Dublin, and retreated back to Kincora, under the command of his son Taig. Battle'. CHAPTER III THE END OF GAELIC INDEPENDENCE, the fall of Brian at Clontarf ended 1014-1166 an heroic age. There was for a time a restoration of the old order. Malachy resumed the High kingship but died in 1022 at an advanced age, and with him ended the Ui N6ill succession, which had lasted for six centuries. There followed 'kings with opposition', and the struggle of province dynasts for the supreme power lasted till the Norman invasion.

The border state of Ossory under Mac Gillapatraic resisted Leinster's claim to suzerainty. The Ostman states of Dublin, Waterford, and of Wexford owed homage and service to the king of Leinster, according to the Book of Rights, though their supreme allegiance was due to the High king. To be at once 'king of the Leinstermen and of the foreigners' was a proud title which the Leinster kings had not enjoyed since the first Dermot, but Dermot II meant to be all this. In the struggle of provincekingdoms Leinster too should play its old part, and according to the Book of Rights there was nothing to bar its claim to the High kingship.

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