Download A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and by Ian D. Armour PDF

By Ian D. Armour

A background of japanese Europe 1740-1918: Empires, countries and Modernisation offers a accomplished, authoritative account of the quarter in the course of a afflicted interval that complete with the 1st international conflict. Ian Armour makes a speciality of the 3 significant subject matters that experience outlined jap Europe within the sleek interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a special idea and position. certain insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this intriguing re-creation, Ian Armour comprises findings from new examine into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to thoughts of empire. Armours insightful advisor to early japanese Europe considers the real figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are the most important to a rounded figuring out of the quarter in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- an absolutely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 necessary maps

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Extra info for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation

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Even more important was the establishment of universal educational systems in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1773 and the Habsburg Monarchy between 1774 and 1777. The aim of such reform was, of course, to maximise the efficiency of the state, but since the language of instruction at primary level was necessarily in the native tongue of the pupils, the result was to create for the first time a mass base of literacy, which was crucial to the spread of nationalism. Where no such educational system was in place, in Russia and the Ottoman Empire, the spread of nationalism was correspondingly delayed.

Thereafter Venice was lucky to be able to avoid war; its legacy was something to be squabbled over by others. Of far greater importance was the Habsburg–Ottoman rivalry. The Habsburgs’ military effort against this traditional enemy had by the late seventeenth century taken on a much more aggressive character. The wars of this period culminated in the Treaty of Carlowitz (1699), whereby the Habsburgs wrested most of Hungary from the Ottomans. In the war of 1714–18, the Monarchy encroached even further, conquering Serbia, the Banat and western or Little Wallachia; however, at the end of a disastrous war in 1737–9, Serbia and Wallachia had to be handed back to the Ottomans by the Treaty of Belgrade (1739).

Thereafter Venice was lucky to be able to avoid war; its legacy was something to be squabbled over by others. Of far greater importance was the Habsburg–Ottoman rivalry. The Habsburgs’ military effort against this traditional enemy had by the late seventeenth century taken on a much more aggressive character. The wars of this period culminated in the Treaty of Carlowitz (1699), whereby the Habsburgs wrested most of Hungary from the Ottomans. In the war of 1714–18, the Monarchy encroached even further, conquering Serbia, the Banat and western or Little Wallachia; however, at the end of a disastrous war in 1737–9, Serbia and Wallachia had to be handed back to the Ottomans by the Treaty of Belgrade (1739).

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