Download A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise by R. J. Crampton PDF

By R. J. Crampton

Richard Crampton provides a basic creation to Bulgaria on the cross-roads of Christendom and Islam. This concise heritage lines the country's progress from pre-history, via its days because the heart of a robust medieval empire and 5 centuries of Ottoman rule, to the political upheavals of the 20th century which ended in 3 wars. It highlights 1995 to 2004, a necessary interval in which Bulgaria persevered monetary meltdown, set itself heavily at the street to reform, elected its former King as best minister, and at last secured club in NATO and admission to the eu Union. First version Hb (1997) 0-521-56183-3 First version Pb (1997) 0-521-56719-X

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Extra resources for A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise Histories)

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The bogomils argued that the entire visible world, including mankind, was the creation of Satan; only the human soul was created by God who sent his son, Christ, to show humanity the way to salvation. The bogomils believed the gratification of all bodily pleasures to be an expression of the diabolic side of creation, and therefore they preached a formidable asceticism which enjoined poverty, celibacy, temperance and vegetarianism. The few peripatetic ‘Holy Ones’ who lived up to these exacting precepts were greatly respected by the general body of the population, who were painfully aware of the Mediaeval Bulgaria, 681–1393 19 contrast between these ‘Holy Ones’ and the official clergy.

In the fifteenth century, refugees from Tuˆrnovo founded a large Slav school in Zograf on Mount 40 A Concise History of Bulgaria Athos which later became a model for others throughout the Bulgarian lands, villages having encouraged the taxidiots to arrange for the establishment of such schools. These schools were relatively few in number and they did not produce either the questioning religious minds of the reformation and counter-reformation or anything resembling an intelligentsia, but they did keep literacy alive.

Fears of potential subversion via the Byzantine church led Boris to ask if Byzantium’s religious rival, Rome, would offer better terms. Emissaries were dispatched to enquire whether the pope would allow Boris to nominate the Bulgarian bishops and appoint a Bulgarian patriarch. At the same time, Boris requested clarification of certain points of doctrine and religious regimen: could, he asked, the Bulgarian tradition of the ruler eating alone with his wife and followers relegated to separate, lower tables, continue?

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